中国民航大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 61-64.

• 适航专栏 • 上一篇    

民用飞机驾驶舱保护适航技术研究

马 健  ,高斌元  ,解 江    

  1. (1. 中国民用航空西安航空器适航审定中心,西安 710065; 2. 中国民航大学天津市民用航空器适航与维修重点实验室,天津 300300)
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-24 修回日期:2020-09-24 接受日期:2020-07-20 出版日期:2021-10-20 发布日期:2021-10-31
  • 作者简介:马健(1966—),女,辽宁铁岭人,高级工程师,硕士,研究方向为飞机结构强度适航审定技术。

Airworthiness technology of civil aircraft cockpit security

MA Jian , GAO Binyuan , XIE Jiang   

  1. (1. Xi·an Aircraft Airworthiness Certification Center,CA AC· Xi·an, 710065, China; 2. Civil Aircraft Airworthiness and Maintenance Key Lab of Tianjin, CAUC, Tianjin 300300, China)
  • Received:2020-09-24 Revised:2020-09-24 Accepted:2020-07-20 Online:2021-10-20 Published:2021-10-31

摘要:

驾驶舱保护对保障民用航空运输安全具有重要意义。首先,基于适航条款修订背景研究了驾驶舱抵御入侵,抵御穿透和烟雾保护的相关适航要求及建议的符合性验证方法;其次,分析了驾驶舱保护适航技术在舱门设计,监视系统及烟雾保护方面的发展及应用;最后,提出了民用飞机型号适航取证中在舱门设计,监视系统及烟雾保护方面需要关注的问题,可为民用飞机设计及合格审定提供支持。

关键词: 民用飞机, 驾驶舱保护, 适航, 符合性验证

Abstract: Cockpit security is vital for the safety of civil aviation transportation. Based on the background of regulation amendments, the relevant airworthiness requirements for cockpit intrusion resistance, penetration resistance, smoke protection, and the recommended compliance are investigated. The technical development and application of cockpit door design, monitoring system and smoke alarm are summarized. The points that need attention in future are presented, which provides support for civil aircraft design and airworthiness certification.

Key words: civil aircraft, cockpit security, airworthiness, compliance substantiation

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